1. Yes FM Pro can produce runtimes. Runtimes are standalone only and are not sharable.
2. Clients can connect to a database being hosted on FM Server or Filemaker Pro. Filemaker Server includes 1 concurrent license, additional license will have to be purchased and FM Pro includes 5 concurrent license. Filemaker has it own networking software built in and this software is require to share a database. The Databases is either located on Filemaker Server or Filemaker Pro and then is accessed from another client computer running filemaker using open remote.
3. You will have to have a mac to create a runtime for a MAC and Windows machine to create a runtime for Windows.
4. If it is a standalone databases, then no, but there may be other license required to purchase. (See #2 above)
While FileMaker Advanced can produce standalone databases, there are limits in how it can be used. Runtimes not only cannot be shared, they cannot function as the client of a hosted database. And you can't save as PDF (Licensing issue with Adobe). And Last time I checked, you can use charting in a runtime.
Thanks to you both for your replies..
Presumably there would be no problem with a single user using their iPad to access their FM Runtime via a Remote Access app such as Mocha VNC ?
If what you describe works the same way Remote Desktop Access lets you access the desktop and applications of another computer, then I see no obvious reasons why that would not work--though how well that works will depend on a number of issues--particularly the quality of your wireless access at the time.
I've tried an app for remote desktop access from my iPhone using a 3G connection and the speed was just too slow to make it practical, but 4G or WiFi might make things work acceptably.