When in find mode you can enter transverse, New Record/Request will allow depth to be entered.
Performing the find will find those records that match both Request1 AND Request2.
An additional Request3 and the omit button will find the same records but OMIT the records that match Request3
You may also want to consider using two tables:
Artifacts---<Wear (---< means one to many)
You'd define your 5 wear fields in the Wear table and use an ArtifactID field to link them to a specific record in the Artifacts table. You can then place a portal to Wear on your Artifacts layout and record as many different Wear records for the same Artifact as you need. If you perform a find in this portal for a given wear type, you'll get a list of all Artifacts where at least one record in the portal specifies this wear type. (You can also perform finds of this type direcly on your Wear table to limit results to just the matching wear records and add fields from the related Article table to this layout to see all the info on the article, plus the specified type of wear record.)