The reason you aren't getting any replies is you're asking too much. The title of your post tells the story. You've accepted an assignment for which you are not qualified. Sorry if I seem harsh but this is simply true in my view.
you will find answers to your questions in FileMaker Training Series - Basic. This one is free. I don,T know if this training manual (PDF) is still available for 14 since 15 is out, but I believe you can make it with FTS Basic for 15. To get the one for 15, go to FileMaker Training Series: Basics
just as an 'abstracts'...
1: Be able to log in/out users with a button on every layout.
-> to be defined more specific, can be done on more than one way, IMHO
2: I have a "master log" layout where all entry is done. I then need to have result pages that display this particular info based on different search/result scripts. For example, an employee comes onsite and then might leave a few times for the day, but I need to display their hours based on initial arrival on that day and their last exit.
-> entering data in one layout, get 'results' based on that data? No problem
3. Be able to click on a list of contacts and have it open a detail tab layout on the contact.
-> basics. Use PopOver, portal with one line, scripting (get ID from portal, search for its details), all possible
4. Drag and Drop images from security cameras to fields and enter a status update.
-> drag and drop to container fields is possible, might be dependent on the file-format
5. A PDF Container field that contains a thumbnail of a document that when you click on it opens the actual document. I also need a button that is red or green based on if the field is empty or contains a document.
-> scripting, possible
->> needs some work, shouldn't be too complicated, depending on detailed spec's