It appears to be a problem with your installation, not necessarily your file itself. There are thousands of FM13 windows users that have never had an issue like this.
I would suggest at a minimum, you should try uninstalling and reinstalling filemaker, and then updating to the latest version. At the worst case scenario, the C++ libraries are so deeply embedded into windows, that you might need to completely wipe and reinstall windows before installing filemaker again if the C++ libraries are incomplete or corrupt.
This issues have been seen 6-8 times from last 2 months I never faced this type of issues in earlier version of Filemaker (9-12). I will follow your instructions and try if it can solve my issues.
with best regards,