It can certainly be done, though the implementation may be quite different from how you'd do it in Access. (no SQL based queries). Don't know if you can do it by yourself or not as we have no way to assess your basic skill set when working with FileMaker and relational databases.
It's certainly possible to set up a table of cabinets and link it to parts lists and other tables of related records to fill in the details. Not sure where mathematical calculations become part of the process here, but there should be a way to do that in FileMaker.