What Printer Driver are you using? CUPS looks like the answer.
Are there graphics on the layout you are trying to print?
Create a simple text layout and test print that.
Is the database old? Converted from earlier versions of Filemaker?
Do you have a known good backup you could test?
There could be corrupt indexes or a corrupt layout.
There is talk about uninstalling and reinstalling printer drivers on these links.
Also try printing to a different printer if possible and test things by doing a save as PDF to see if you get a crash when saving the PDF.
I was using a brother before and it was working perfectly.
So here is something interesting. I can print from my Macbook Pro running 10.8.5 using FM 12.0v3. The macmini that I was trying to print from is crashing...it is running OS 10.8.5 and FM 12.0 v4.
Considering I can still print other databases on FM 12 v4 but not that particular database leads me to believe it is a driver issue and not the database. I am going to trash the Xerox library and reinstall. Hopefully this will take care of the issue...I will let you know.
Printer drivers are a good possibility and an updated driver from Xerox may be worth checking on as well.
But your crashes could be due to a damaged file. Damaged files can be weird and it can be difficult to run down all the options before you can definitely conclude one way or the other. Plus, crashes can also damage a file--though this is not as likely if a client of a hosted database crashes.
You may want to run a recover on your file (or a recent back up copy) just to be on the safe side.